Children should not suffer any burns from the sun at any age, especially since there are a number of very effective methods of protection from the sun that can be applied by parents.
Parents should be especially careful about exposing their children to the sun.
Many parents do not know the best ways to protect young children from the sun.
Below follow the recommendations of the American Cancer Foundation for infants and very young children.
Infants 0-6 months: Infants under 6 months should stay away from the sun. Their skin is very sensitive to the sun. The skin of an infant has little melanin, the pigment that gives color to the skin, hair and eyes, and provides some protection against the sun. Therefore, babies are particularly susceptible to the harmful effects of the sun.
• Even in the car you need to put blinds on the windows so the sun is not directly ticking the baby in the seat. Even better, if possible, put windows with special shading and protective filter against UV radiation (there are types that reach to 100% protection against UV radiation without reducing visibility).
• Take a walk with your baby in the early morning, before 10:00, or late in the afternoon, after 17:00, and have the child in the stroller with a protective cover.
• Do you dress your baby in lightweight clothing that covers arms and legs.
• Choose a wide-brimmed hat that protects the face, the neck and the baby’s ears. A baby wearing a hat during the first few months they get used to wearing it in general without complaining.
Infants 6 to 12 months From this age onwards is now safe to use sunscreen on your baby. Choose a broad spectrum sunscreen with SPF of at least SPF 15 to skin areas which have been deprived, such as the baby’s hands. Many companies also have sunscreen “without tears” to not disturb the baby eyes.
• If you use a sunscreen spray, do not put it directly into the baby’s face. Pour in your hand and it spread sunscreen on the face of the child.
• The most important of all is to remember to put the child sunscreen 30 minutes before going out and put it back at most every two hours or after swimming or has sweated much.
Infant / Early Childhood: Protecting toddlers from the sun requires a little more thought and effort. It is important to train the child to watch it alone.
• Look for broad spectrum sunscreens with SPF of at least SPF 15. Those that are resistant to water and spray form is a good choice for young children who do not usually sit quietly to put the sunscreen, but do not never spray directly on face .
• Make sure your child has learned to sit in the shade 10 a.m. and 4 p.m .. Check outdoor area where your child plays to make sure there is adequate shade.
• Ensure that infants are covered by their clothes. Cotton clothes with long sleeves are cool and comfortable, while also highly protective.
• Do not forget the hats and sunglasses. Choose a wide-brimmed hat that protects the face, neck and the child’s ears.